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Housing Condition

People living in less energy efficient properties and those experiencing an excess cold hazard tend to be more affluent and with significant savings. They are likely to read customer magazines such as the Bolton Scene and are acceptable of receiving communications from local and national government. This suggests many may be amenable to making improvements themselves.

One of the more deprived Acorn groups ‘5.O Young hardship’ is at risk of living in a less energy efficient property or one with an excess cold hazard. Households in this group are also at risk of fuel poverty. These people may need more support to make improvements.

People living in more energy efficient properties tend to be more deprived and are more likely to live in social housing.

‘4.N Poorer Pensioners’ are likely to live in a more energy efficient property, but are also at risk of fuel poverty, it may be that more energy efficient social housing is having a protective effect on members of this group.

Overall people in fuel poverty tend to be more deprived, but are less likely to be among the very most deprived Acorn groups or types. The very most deprived Acorn types are more likely to be living in social housing which may be protecting them from the fuel poverty they might otherwise experience.

The change from 10% to LIHC definitions of fuel poverty produced the largest reduction in fuel poverty among the most affluent households. People in fuel poverty under LIHC are less likely to be retired and incomes are on average a little lower, but profiles are in general similar.

These are a collection of examples of best practice as undertaken by the National Conversation on Health Inequalities (NCHI) that covered a wide spectrum of public health activity. Please click on the links below to go to the case studies:



Bolton Council commissioned BRE to undertake a series of modelling exercises on their housing stock. This report describes the modelling work and provides details of the results obtained from the dwelling level model and database. The database is also provided to the council to enable them to obtain specific information whenever required.  The detailed housing stock information provided in this report will facilitate the delivery of Bolton’s housing strategy and enable a targeted intervention approach to improving housing. In addition to this there are also several relevant government policies – the Housing Act 2004, Housing Strategy Policy, Local Authority Housing Statistics (LAHS) and the Green Deal/ECO.

The main aims of this work were to provide estimates of:

  • The percentage of dwellings meeting each of the key indicators1 for Bolton overall and broken down by tenure and then mapped by COA (private sector stock only)
  • Information relating to LAHS reporting for the private sector stock - category 1 hazards and information on EPC ratings

BRE Housing Stock Models were used to provide such estimates at dwelling level with a focus on private sector housing. The key indicators provide Bolton with detailed information on the likely condition of the stock and the geographical distribution of properties of interest.

Headline results for Bolton

  • 2,548 dwellings in the private rented sector have category 1 Housing Health and Safety Rating System (HHSRS) hazards. This equates to 15% of properties in the private rented sector. See full results
  • The highest concentrations of fuel poverty in the private sector are found in the wards of Halliwell, Farnworth and Great Lever.
  • The highest concentrations of excess cold are in Bradshaw, Halliwell and Horwich and Blackrod.
  • The highest concentrations of all HHSRS hazards in the private sector are found in the wards of Halliwell, Crompton and Tonge with the Haulgh.
  • The average SimpleSAP ratings for all private sector dwellings in Bolton is 60, which is better than both England and North West (55). For the owner occupied stock in Bolton the figure is 60 and for the private rented sector it is 58.
  • Maps by COA have been provided for the above key indicators.
  • The total cost of mitigating category 1 hazards in Bolton’s private sector stock is estimated to be £25.0 million.
  • 5.0% (4,772) of private sector dwellings and 7.4% (1,248) of private rented dwellings in Bolton are estimated to have an EPC rating below band

This is the JSNA Indicator Sheet from the People and Places section. JSNA Indicator Sheets summarise the current position and recent trends for Bolton, comparators to Bolton, and inequalities across population groups and geographical areas of Bolton.



  • Bolton has a similar proportion of non-decent households to the average for England;
  • In Bolton, non-decency is concentrated in the central and typically more deprived Wards;
  • This concentration is in part due to the large proportion of terraced housing in these areas of Bolton;
  • The proportion of vulnerable people in non-decent housing is also higher in the more deprived Wards;
  • The most frequently occurring hazard is excess cold.


The main aim of this report is to bring together evidence on whether improved housing can help improve health by synthesising findings from a variety of studies and different sources. From interviews with housing and health professionals the report also provides insight into how the existing housing and health evidence base is perceived and used. Using the evidence gathered from the review and interviews, the report makes recommendations for future housing improvement and health studies and suggests how evidence on housing and health could be more effectively packaged and communicated to practitioners.

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